Searching and Replacing in vi Editor

In Linux, vi is powerful to search and replace the text. Vi provides the :s (substitute) command for search and replace.

To string a text string

To see if there are additional occurrences of the same text string, type n.

Search STRING forward : / text
Search STRING backward: ? text
Repeat search: n
Repeat search in opposite direction: N

To replace one text string with another text string in the current line


To replace each occurrence of the text string:


Beside the above normal tips, vi also has other powerful searching/replacing abilities: search ranges, using other delimiters, getting search list etc.

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